OVERVIEW OF SPORT INJURY
Sports injuries are injuries that occur when engaging in sports or exercise. An estimated 8.6 million sports injuries occur each year. Exercise and weight training accounts for the leading cause for injury, followed by cycling, basketball and football.
About one-third of all sports injuries occur in a sports facility, gym, athletic field or playground. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, followed by fractures.
Sports injuries can occur due to overtraining, lack of conditioning, and improper form or technique. Failing to warm up increases the risk of sports injuries. Bruises, strains, sprains, tears, and broken bones can result from sports injuries.
WHAT CAUSES SPORT INJURY:
– Overstretching or tearing the ligaments results in a sprain. Symptoms may include inflammation or spasms. If left untreated, sprains can lead to chronic pain, swelling and instability.
- Strains / Pulled muscle
– Occurs when the muscle is overstretched or torn, usually due to fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle. Strains are most common in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thigh. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, muscle spasms, swelling and limited range of motion. Without proper treatment, you may experience recurring injuries or pain and weakness in the muscle during everyday use.
- Achilles tendon rupture
– The Achilles tendon is a thin, powerful tendon at the back of your ankle. During sports, this tendon can break or rupture. When it does, you may experience sudden, severe pain and difficulty walking. If not treated properly, the tendon may not heal or be too weak for normal daily activities such as walking.
- Rotator cuff injury
– Four pieces of muscle work together to form the rotator cuff of the shoulder. The rotator cuff enables your shoulders to move in all directions. Tendinosis or tear in any of these muscles can cause pain and weaken the rotator cuff. Leaving the rotator cuff untreated may limit your range of motion in the coming years and cause difficulties lifting your arms or objects.
- Torn ACL and PCL
A torn ACL is a sports injury that may occur when landing the wrong way, changing direction or stopping quickly, or from a direct blow to the knee. People who suffer a torn ACL may hear a pop and then feel their knee no longer functions. Pain, swelling, and loss of range of motion are symptoms of a torn ACL. It may cause difficulties in walking. PCL injury is less common.
- Torn MCL and meniscal tear
The MCL is typically injured when the knee joint is pushed sideways when making a wrong move or by receiving a direct blow to the knee. A torn MCL results in pain, swelling, and instability of the joint. Screening of the medial meniscus for tears can be done by ultrasound to see if an MRI is needed.
- Ankle ligament injury
This is a common sports injury in athletes who run as part of their sports. Lateral ligament injuries are most common such as tear of the ATFL and CFL ligaments. Complete tears are usually accompanied by intense pain, difficulty weightbearing, swelling and discoloration to the outside of the ankle. Cartilage injury or bone injury to the talus can be diagnosed by MRI.
- Elbow and wrist injury
This is a common sports injury in athletes in throwers and bowlers. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, weakness, or decreased range of motion. Ultrasound can detect ligament tears and the triangular cartilage in the wrist, however MRI is the gold standard for bone oedema from fractures and triangular ligament tears. Medial and lateral epicondylitis – golfers and tennis elbow and tears can be diagnosed using ultrasound. Cysts, tenosynovitis and bursitis can also be diagnosed.
What are the symptoms of Sport Injury?
- Pain when you play at a particular site around a joint or muscle
- Pain when you exercise
- A persistent ache when you rest
What are the treatment options for Sport Injury?
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound is used for diagnosis of most ligament and tendon injuries around any of the major joints. It is also used to detect bursitis around each of these joints. Muscle tears around each of the joints can also be diagnosed.
- Conservative therapy such as physiotherapy and rehabilitation
Physical therapy can help to reduce the pain, swelling, and stiffness. There are two main types of physical therapy—passive and active treatments. Physical therapy, though effective, has a long road to recovery and may not be suitable for those who are seeking quick and effective solutions to help you get back on your feet in no time.
- Regenerative injection
Regenerative injections are a revolutionary method of treatment with proven results. For instance, PRP for tendinosis and partial tears of superficial ligaments, or Steroid for bursitis as described for each joint in this website.
Read More About Regenerative Injections